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This is Moscow's main repository of Russian art. In every room you will find paintings every Russian knows from childhood: Three Bogatyrs and Alyonushka by Viktor Vasnetsov, The Unknown Woman by Ivan Kramskoi, Ivan the Terrible and His Son Ivan by Ilya Repin, Morning in a Pine Forest by Ivan Shishkin and Konstantin Savitsky, The Apotheosis of War by Vasily Vereshchagin, Demon Seated by Mikhail Vrubel, and many other great works of art. Both the building and the collection of the State Tretyakov Gallery, opened in the late 1800s, were constantly changed and expanded. The core collection is made up of the paintings collected by Pavel Tretyakov, an eminent local patron of the arts. When his private collection became too large for an ordinary home, the collector decided to have a gallery built, where to put all his art treasures on display for everyone to see. It is important to remember that Tretyakov collected the paintings of people he knew or was friends with, so consider hiring a tour guide. The State Tretyakov Gallery holds landmark exhibitions of Russian art, culled from the best private collections, and from the displays and storerooms of other museums.

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This museum is part of the Poklonnaya Gora memorial complex, a monumental park in memory of the victims of World War II. Soviet architects had mulled the design of this complex from 1942 on. In the decades after the war, some of the leading Soviet architects and sculptors, the likes of Yevgeny Vuchetich and Mikhail Posokhin, would propose draft designs of the memorial and try to initiate construction, but those plans were not to be fulfilled until the 1990s, and this time the memorial was designed by Anatoly Polyansky. The museum lists some 6,000 exhibits, divided into nine sections: one dedicated to the Red Army in the years before the war, and the rest covering the progress of WWII and the Great Patriotic War. The last section is entitled "Victory."

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No other museum has so much 20th-century Russian and Soviet art all in one place: Wassily Kandinsky, Kazimir Malevich, Pyotr Konchalovsky, Martiros Saryan, Marc Chagall, you name it. Two floors, many vast rooms... If you wish to see everything at once, plan to spend half your day here. One or another serious exhibition is on here almost all the time, so be prepared to mingle with a huge crowd of art lovers. The museum is located between Krymskaya Naberezhnaya (Krymskaya Embankment) and the Museon Park, where you can meaningfully spend the rest of your day.

This museum of impressive proportions is a repository of the milestone artifacts of Russian and world history, from primeval times to the present. The collection holds close to 5 million items and 14 million priceless documents. The State Historical Museum, which owes its existence to Emperor Alexander III, took 11 years to be created. The building in Red Square opened to the public in 1883. It is possible to explore the whole thing in one day, but it hardly makes sense to try: there are just too many exhibits. It is believed that if you spend about one minute on each exhibit, you will need about 400 hours to see the whole collection. Visitors are advised to pay special attention to the ornate axe with the Rurik dynasty symbol, Napoleon's saber, the Codex Mosquensis II (a 9th-century Greek text of the Gospels), Blaeu's copper globe, which is taller than two metres (seven feet), crafted for Charles XI, the King of Sweden, at the end of the 17th century, and many other incredible items.
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One of the key Russian museums, the Pushkin National Museum of Fine Arts was the idea of art historian Ivan Tsvetayev, who would subsequently manage it. The museum opened on May 31, 1912, and was then named Emperor Alexander III Museum of Fine Arts. It was initially an assemblage of ancient and medieval copies and replicas, created for educational purposes and put on public display. But the collection grew and became more diversified over time. Among the additions were rare impressionist works, paintings by Sandro Botticelli, Lucas Cranach, Nicolas Poussin, and the ancient Greek artifacts unearthed by Heinrich Schliemann in the ruins of ancient Troy. The museum currently holds over half a million exhibits in its three buildings, on display and in the storerooms. The main building is dedicated to those very ancient molds and medieval copies, from which the museum began, along with icons, frescoes and artworks in different genres, but no older than the 19th century. The "Museum of Private Collections" has no exhibits of its own, being fully reserved for exhibitions of artworks from Russian and foreign private collections, organized by the museum's curators, which remain on display very long here. The Art Gallery is devoted to 19th and 20th-century European and American art and, accordingly, exhibits European and American art from the past three centuries. The famous impressionist collection is also here. Each of the buildings has one must-see exhibition or another on display all the time, for which queues start forming early in the morning. The museum has a lecture hall, for which one-time tickets are available in advance. Music concerts are given at the Pushkin Museum during holidays and festivals.

The State Museum of Oriental Art
This is a serious collection of artifacts, which had never been under the same roof before 1918. On display and in its cellars, the museum boasts some 150,000 art objects from a hundred countries of Central Asia, the Caucasus and Transсaucasia, Middle East and Far East. The Museum of Oriental Art does more than merely showcase Oriental cultures and history: a Research Institute with three dozen researchers is attached to it. If you are about to visit the Museum, it is a good idea to decide what you want to see. The exposition is split between countries and epochs to make navigation easier amid the plethora of artifacts. Each room has its own treasures: silks and painted partitions in the Chinese Room, dolls and puppets, including the famous two-dimensional theatrical puppets, in the Indonesian Room, house replicas in the Japanese Room, but you will find silks, gold-plating, swords and daggers almost everywhere. The museum offers well-organized lectures and applied lessons for children. This is a good place for the whole family to visit. When the kids are tired, send them to an origami class while you check out samurai armour.

The museum is on the grounds of the Andronikov Monastery of the Savior, where the great Russian icon painter Andrei Rublev (1360-1428) had lived and worked, and where he was buried when he died. His grave is right by the chapel. The museum is a collection of some 5,000 icons, including priceless 15th-century masterpieces, such as the icons of Rublev's pupil Dionysius. The oldest icon on display is Our Savior of Gavshinka, a Yaroslavl icon which age is still debated by art historians. The museum was established in 1947, even though Soviet authorities generally frowned upon religion. The monastery stands on a beautiful hill overlooking the Moskva River, a good spot to watch the sunset.   

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The Museum has an exhibit that is interesting both from the historical and the scientific and technical point of view: the formerly operational B-396 submarine Novosibirsky Komsomolets, the sections of which are available for inspection. The Museum also has a permanent exhibition / exposition dedicated to the Russian Navy. In the open-air military equipment area, one may see an A-90 Orlyonok (‘eaglet’) paratrooper ground-effect vehicle, a Skat (‘ray fish’) hovercraft cutter, an emergency buoy, simulated torpedoes and a Hall anchor.
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This museum, founded in 1967, was the idea of a group of retired Metro employees. The exhibits explore the evolution of technology and the lives of those who had worked all their life to give Moscow such underground transit system that the entire nation would be proud of. Some of the exhibition highlights are a Metro train cabin, light signals, and an impressive collection of Metro tickets and tokens from decades past.

At the moment the Museum is under reconstruction.
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Founded in 1896, the Museum of Moscow is the Russian capital’s most important mixed-use museum complex, also serving as a convention centre and an educational and cultural hub, dedicated to the city and its people. Its mission is, on the one hand, to preserve the city’s entire history and, on the other hand, to showcase the most important and interesting current events taking place in Moscow. The Museum of Moscow boasts one of the largest collections in Russia, listing over 1 million exhibits. Housed in the historical building of the former Army food warehouses, a federal landmark, the Museum of Moscow hosts dozens of exhibitions and events, including festivals, seasonal food fairs, book fairs, flea markets, theatrical performances and music concerts. The museum includes a cinema, a play centre for kids, a lecture hall and excursions desk. The Museum of Moscow consists of several branches, each telling its own chapter of Moscow’s history: Moscow Archaeology Museum, Old English Yard and Lefortovo History Museum. The Museum of Moscow launched its new space, Gilyarovsky Centre, in December 2017.

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The exposition on display keeps changing. Some objects continue to be used in films, and some are here for eternity. If you sign up for a tour, you will get a chance to see historical attires, coaches, retro bikes and cars, parts of props, and occasionally whole streets of props: a village street with a dirt road, or medieval street with gloomy facades. Sometimes you can get into the studios, but not when filming is in progress. The makeup room is fun with its countless fake ears, noses, bellies, arms, legs and other body parts.   

 Alexandra Krasnova/TASS

Formerly the Revolution Museum, this magnificent mansion on Tverskaya Ulitsa (Tverskaya Street) had once belonged to the local English Club. The classicist mansion, designed by Domenico Gilardi and Adam Menelas, was built in the second half of the 18th century. The museum's collection is rather motley and eclectic, but no less interesting for that. Most of it dates back to the revolutionary times of the early 1900s: homemade handguns, bayonets and explosives, an impressive collection of political posters, a few flags and the personal archives of prominent revolutionaries.

Stanislav Krasilnikov/TASS
In this interactive museum devoted to the history of the Jewish people, the multimedia display portrays Jewish life by means of installations, 4D cinema, videos, audio recordings, and archive documents. The twelve themed pavilions are housed in the Bakhmetyevsky Garage, a Constructivist landmark built by Konstantin Melnikov and Vladimir Shukhov in 1927. But this museum, created on the initiative of the Federation of the Jewish Communities of Russia, is not only about the exhibits. It also serves as an educational resource hub with a large exposition, a Tolerance Centre, Avant-garde Centre, research facility, children's centre, and rooms for temporary exhibitions.

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The Moscow Museum of Modern Art is the first public museum in Russia focused exclusively on 20th- and 21st-century art. An active player on Moscow’s art scene, MMOMA incorporates seven spaces, six of them in the historical part of Moscow inside Sadovoye Ring, and one in Perovo. The latter is the Vadim Sidur Museum, where the entire exposition is presented in the Braille Alphabet. MMOMA operates an educational centre in the very heart of Moscow, at Patriarshiye Prudy, which houses an open art library, a museum café, and lecture rooms for adults and children, as well as art from the MMOMA collection on display.  

This private collection of Soviet and post-Soviet art, collected by entrepreneur Alexey Ananyev, features the works of the Soviet Union's most influential artists, the trend-setters, the paterfamiliases of new genres, those whose art had inspired entire generations of artists: Isaac Brodsky, Aleksandr Deyneka, Yuri Pimenov, Sergei Gerasimov, Geliy Korzhev, Alexey and Sergei Tkachev, Tair Salakhov, and many others. The museum is housed in the building of what used to be a calico printing factory, started by a Swiss entrepreneur in 1823. The beautiful brick edifices on the river bank are the remnants of that factory. Now this is Novospassky District with offices, restaurants, health clubs, a fountain and a park. 

Artyom Geodakyan/TASS

Established in 2008, Garage was one of the premiere trend-setting art galleries in Moscow. It was not a museum to begin with, but an exhibition venue, housed in the building of the Bakhmetievsky bus garage (hence the name). Garage was already a museum in 2012, when it moved into a temporary pavilion in Gorky Park. The museum found itself a permanent residence in 2015: a whole complex of buildings of the former Seasons Café, which had existed in Gorky Park since 1968. The remodelling of the buildings was designed by Dutch architect Rem Koolhaas. Now the complex looks like a miniature replica of the Central House of Artists. Artists are learning to feel at home in the new Garage space, owned by Darya Zhukova, the founder of Iris Foundation for the Promotion and Support of Art, the wife of Roman Abramovich, the known entrepreneur and former governor of Chukotka. So far this year, the new Garage has hosted the shows of some big-name artists, including Eric Bulatov (Russia), Katharina Grosse (Germany), and Yayoi Kusama (Japan).