The building of the Maxim Gorky Drama Theatre was constructed in 1935 according to the project of the architects Vladimir Schuro and Vladimir Gelfreikh. This constructivism piece of architecture resembles a tractor engine – this is the way the locals call it.
In 1936 a troupe of the famous Soviet director and follower of the school for psychological analysis Yury Zavadsky worked there. He put on sage nearly two dozens of plays. At that times such young actors, as Rostislav Plyatt, Nikolay Mordvinov, Vera Maretskaya and other renowned Soviet actors shone on stage.
During World War II, the theatre was destroyed but it was rebuilt in 1963.
The contemporary history of the Tractor is connected with the names of such directors, as Yuru Yeriomin and Nikolay Sorokin. The theatrical performances of the theatre were marked during Russian and international festivals. In 2010 the play "The Cherry Orchard" by Anton Chekov staged by Nikolay Sorokin was marked as the best play on the 4th Theatre Festival in Nikolayev (Ukraine) and received a prize for an original approach in staging during the 4th All-Russian comedy festival. In 2011 the play "Tears invisible for the world" was a triumphant winner on the festival Russian comedy. The awards for best male and female roles were received by the Rostov actors Tatiana Shkrabak and Sergey Vlasov.
Guest directors often work in the theatre. For example, in 1995 the play "Small tragedies" based on Alexander Pushkin’s works was staged there by Kirill Serebryannikov.
At the moment, the theatre has three stages: the big and the small stages for 1165 and 300 seats respectively, as well as the experimental scene for 70 viewers. In the repertoire, there are more classical plays based on works by Mikhail Sholokhov, Anton Chekov, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Alexander Volodin, Francis Veber, etc.
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The experimental theatre "Man in a cube" emerged in 2005 as a school of theatrical art under the guidance of a young director Katerina Ryndina. After three years the school was formed as a full-fledged creative unit, and in 2015 it started giving regular performances in the building on Bolshaya Sadovaya ulitsa.
"Man in a cube" defines itself as a theatre standing at the crossroads of dramatic and plastic art, poetry and vocal art, presenting its own view of the way a theatre should look like in the 21st century.
The strivings of a young director are epitomized in different plays. In the repertoire of the theater there are plays based on the works by Mikhail Bulgakov and Antony Pogorelsky, poetic mono plays and famous among the local audience plays by "Spectakle O", which are devoted to the life and artworks of great writers and world drama directors.
Since the 1980s the Youth Theatre actively experiments with forms. In several plays the viewers become active participants, the action moves from the stage to the entrance area and foyer.
In the 1980s-1990s such directors, as Vladimir Chigishev, Vyacheslav Gvozdkov and Kirill Serebryannikov worked in the theatre. It was in the Youth Theatre (at that time called still the Young People’s Theatre) in 1987 for the first time was staged the cult rock drama "Hounds", which was based on the novel by Konstantin Sergienko "Farewell, hog wallow". The play was successful not only in Rostov-on-Don, but also in Moscow theatres and European stages. The play was shown in France, Japan, and Mexico.
Today the list of productions of the theatre include more than 20 plays based on the works of Alexander Pushkin, Nikolay Gogol, Alexander Kuprin, Eric Emanuel Shmidt, William Saroyan. On the stage of the Youth Theatre international festivals take place, there is also an experimental stage for young directors, as well as some labs of contemporary dramatic art.
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The Rostov State Musical Theatre is the successor of the Theatre of Musical Comedy, which emerged in Rostov in 1919. It was considered to be one of the best operetta theatres in the Soviet Union and became famous thanks to the staging of classical plays by Jacque Offenbach, Alexey Ryabov, Alexey Rybnikov. The authorities decided not to refurbish the shabby building of the theatre, but build a new one. In 1999 in Rostov another sight emerged – the new theatre in the form of a white piano with an open lid.
Based on its technical characteristics the Rostov Musical Theatre is considered to be one of the best in the country. After changing its status the theatre expanded its repertoire. The opera plays "Queen of Spades" by Alexander Pushkin, "La traviata" and Joan of Arc by Giuseppe Verdi, the ballets play "Romeo and Juliette" based on the music by Sergey Prokofiev and The Sleeping Beauty by Chaykovsky – all these plays boast great success. Besides, you can go to a operetta, musical, a rock opera or a symphonic concert.
Among the actors of the troupe there are laureates of Russian and international theatre awards, including the distinguished actors of Russia Piotr Makarov (baritone), the bas singer Alexander Musienka, the ballet dancer Elizaveta Misler, Viacheslav Kapustin, who received an award during the Galina Ulanova All-Russian artistic contest.The Musical theatre has gained numerous loyal fans, that’s why it is better to book tickets in advance.
The regional philharmonic hall is visited by people, who like to listen to the Rostov academic symphonic orchestra. It was created in 1935 and now is one of the most famous classical music groups in the south of Russia. The list of their performances includes works by Piotr Tchaikovsky, Alfred Schnittke, Sergey Prokofiev, Dmitry Shostakovich. The musicians in the philharmonic hall have played on the same stage with Mstislav Rostrapovich, Yury Bashmet, Denis Matsuev, Elena Obraztsova, gave concerts on the best stages in Spain, Italy, Japan, China and South Korea.
Another important artistic group based in the Rostov philharmonic hall is the Vladimir Ezhdik State Wind Concert Orchestra. The orchestra was created not long ago – in 1990 – and became one of the first in Russia philharmonic wind instrument orchestras. The artistic group performs works by Igor Stravinsky, Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov, Piotr Tchaikovsky, however, they do not forget about the most traditional works of variety music.
The young independent theatre is in pursuit of its own stage language and put the focus on the concept "here and now" – the new topical drama art “18+” presents itself as an open stage for the Rostov audience to get acquainted with contemporary theatrical art. In the repertoire you may find the play "Incredible adventures of Julia and Natasha", fairy tales for adults. You may also explore the tragic comedy by Olga Kalashnikova "On women, or a story of one evening" in the popular genre "What do men talk about", or the comedy "Pelmeni". Besides, you may see the plays by the theatre director Yuru Muravitskiy, Sergey Medvedev, German Grekov and others.
The theatre doesn’t have its own troupe, the actors are invited to each project. "18+" hosts the plays of leading Russian experimental theatres while they are on tour, including the Moscow projects Theatre.doc, The Vsevolod Meyerkhold theatre centre and the Saint Petersburg theatre Post.
In the theatre auditorium, there are 80 seats, that’s why it is better to book a place in advance, especially during premier days.
Founded in 1825, the Komissarzhevskaya Don Drama and Comedy Theater (also known as the Cossack Drama Theater) is one of the few theatres which were given a governmental status.
Throughout history notable soviet artists performed in this theater. Its main objective is to resurrect and promote Cossack culture. That’s why it was decided to create an "artistic lab" tasked with producing plays about the Cossacks. As of 2004 the theater is operating within the framework of the Presidential program to support Russian theaters.