The Kaliningrad Region is a Russian exclave that has no land border with the Russian mainland. When you travel to Kaliningrad overland, you have to transit through Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, or Poland. These nations, with the exception of Belarus, are part of the Schengen Zone. This means that Russians, and the nationals of nine other countries whose teams are contending for the World Cup, will need transit visas.
If you have a FAN ID and a ticket for a football match in Kaliningrad, but no international passport, your options are: either take out an international passport, or fly. Russian citizens cannot transit overland through a Schengen member’s territory on their domestic passport.
If you have your international passport, as well as your FAN ID and ticket for a match to be played at Stadium Kaliningrad, you can benefit from the free travel option, but first you need to obtain a transit permit for Lithuania. This permit can be secured when you book your travel ticket on tickets.transport2018.com, but no later than 28 hours before your train departure time. Request you transit permit for a roundtrip to/from Kaliningrad. You will need no transit permit when you hold a multi-entry Schengen visa in your current international passport, provided that your visa is valid at the time of your trip.
The departure and arrival times shown on Russian Railways (RZD) tickets are according to Moscow Time. Kaliningrad is one hour behind Moscow, so when the train departure time (from Kaliningrad) indicated on your ticket is 17:09 (5:09 p.m.), your train is actually leaving at 16:09 (4:09 p.m.) local time.
If you have no ticket for a football match in Kaliningrad, but would like to travel there anyway, taking a regular train, Russian Railways will issue a travel document that substitutes a travel visa. If you are a citizen of Russia, you can obtain this document – the Russian Railways Simplified Travel Document, or UPD-ZD – when you purchase your ticket on the Russian Railways website, but no later than 28 hours before your train departure time. The UPD-ZD is issued at no cost. However, if Lithuania denies you transit (transit requests usually take one day to process), the price of your rail ticket will be refunded to you, less service fees.
You will need no UPD-ZD when you hold a multi-entry Schengen visa in your current international passport, provided that your visa is valid at the time of your trip.
Any transit route to Kaliningrad, and any transportation option is open to you when you hold a valid multi-entry Schengen visa in your current international passport. You can drive or take the bus, and you can transit via Estonia-Latvia-Lithuania, or Belarus-Lithuania, or Poland.
Citizens of Schengen Union member nations, citizens of Australia, Argentina, Brazil, Costa Rica, Mexico, United States, Uruguay, South Korea, Panama, Japan, and holders of Serbian biometric passports
When you hold a 2018 World Cup match ticket for Kaliningrad, you have your FAN ID, you are travelling by train and have secured your free travel, just show your passport, your FAN ID, and your Kaliningrad match ticket (or screenshot) as you board your train. If you have no 2018 World Cup match ticket for Kaliningrad, but you have your FAN ID, you can purchase a regular RZD train ticket.
Citizens of Nigeria, Egypt, Peru, Colombia, Tunisia, Iran, Senegal, Saudi Arabia and Morocco
You cannot travel to Kaliningrad by train, bus or automobile unless you have a valid multi-entry Schengen visa in your passport, as well as your FAN ID. Free rail travel will be granted when you hold both the abovementioned documents plus your ticket for a 2018 World Cup match in Kaliningrad. Free rail travel will be denied if one or more of the required documents are missing.