Friedrichsburg Gate

Ruslan Shamukov/TASS
Leaving the Museum of the World Ocean and going down the river, you will reach the crossroads of Ulitsa Bagramyana (Bagramyana Street) and Ulitsa Butkova (Butkova Street) where you can take the No. 4 minibus-taxi. Cross the river on Dvukhyarusny Bridge to get to the left side of the Pregolya River and follow it up Ulitsa Portovaya (Portovaya Street) to the Friedrichsburg Gate. The Friedrichsburg Fortress was constructed in 1657 to control the bay area of the city. There were a number of bastions with jewel-inspired names – Emerald, Ruby, Diamond and Pearl – which were intended to protect the city with their cannons both to the north and south. In 1657, Peter the Great was staying in the city disguised as a sergeant of the Preobrazhensky Regiment by the name of Pyotr Mikhailov. Colonel Sternfeld awarded Peter with a certificate for displaying excellent shooting skills in Friedrichsburg. It was this fortress that inspired him to built Kronstadt.

The future favourite of Russian Empress Anna Ivanovna, Ernst Johann von Biron (1690-1772) spent a short while in Friedrichsburg as a prisoner. In the mid-19th century the Fortress gained a brick gate, and early in the 20th century the earthen dikes and ditches were removed and a railway laid instead. In the 2000s, restorers had to lay new bricks on the Friedrichsburg Gate. Today you can visit the Ship's Revival Historical and Cultural Centre at the Friedrichsburg Gate.