The first capital of Bulgaria and its best-known city, Bolgar was founded in the 10th century at the confluence of the Kama and the Volga. Bolgar had withstood the devastating invasion of Bulat-Timur, the prince of the Golden Horde, in 1361, survived the 1395 invasion of Tamerlan, but finally fell into oblivion after being captured by the Russian troops of Fyodor Pyostry in 1431. The thriving city of Bolgar turned into a graveyard.

Bolgar has been prioritized for restoration and new museum start progra.m.mes by the Tatarstan Foundation for the Revival of Historical and Cultural Landmarks since 2010. Bolgar was placed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2014.

Access to the landmarks is open from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. daily. Many tour operators in Kazan offer tours of Bolgar.