Yunusov-Apanayev House

Egor Aleev/TASS
This is a part of a larger estate built in the first half of the 19th century, which belonged to 1st Guild Merchant Gubaidulla Yunusov. His son Ibrahim founded a Moslem orphanage here in 1844. Kazan's first charity for Tatar children supported itself with the proceeds from 29 stone shops in Sennaya Ploschad (Sennaya Square), which Ibrahim had donated to the orphanage. The original plan was to name the orphanage in honour of Empress Alexandra Fyodorovna, but Emperor Nicholas I suggested that it be named after the Yunusovs instead.

At the end of the 19th century the house became property of another eminent Tatar merchant, Mukhammadbadretdin Apanayev, who converted it to a free medical institution for the poor. Following the 1917 Revolution, the new authorities opened a polyclinic here in 1921. Restoration of the house, which included reconstruction of its moulded decorations and sculptures, was completed by the year 2009. Today it houses the in-patient day care centre, remedial treatment centre, and emergency station of the municipal polyclinic complex.