White House

Nikolay Galkin/TASS
The seat of the government of Russia, popularly known as the "White House," stands by the Moskva River, across from Hotel Ukraina. Built in 1979 to the design of Pavel Shteller and Dmitry Chechulin, the White House went through a particularly troubling experience in August 1991, when a group of Soviet officials attempted a coup d'etat, and this building was the locus of events. The coup fell through, and the Soviet Union broke up soon thereafter. Formerly known as the House of Soviets, the building was renamed White House after the events of August 1991.