Tchaikovsky Concert Hall

Nikolai Galkin/TASS

In the early 1900s, French entrepreneur Charles Aumont's Bouffe Miniatures Theatre, famous for its burlesque acts, stood where the P. I. Tchaikovsky Concert Hall is now. It was later replaced by Ignaty Zon's "easy genre" theatre. Following the 1917 Revolution and subsequent nationalization, the company led by the great theatre reformer Vsevolod Meyerhold moved into the building. A remodelling was undertaken specially for Meyerhold in the early 1930s. The team of architects working on the ambitious remodelling project was led by Alexey Shchusev. In Meyerhold's vision, the auditorium would be shaped like an ancient Greek amphitheatre. The spherical dome ceiling would come apart in good weather, and the arena stage would be lowered or lifted as the props changed. However, Meyerhold's theatre was closed down in 1938, and the director's very name would remain banned for decades. The unfinished building became property of the Moscow Philharmonic. Following the new reconstruction, the amphitheatre shape of the 1535-seat auditorium and the spherical ceiling, like a planetarium, would be the only reminders of Meyerhold. The building, equipped with a grand organ, became a classy venue for classical music concerts. The Tchaikovsky Hall has also served as the rehearsal and concert space of the celebrated Igor Moiseev Folk Dance Ensemble since 1940. The above-ground lobby of Mayakovskaya Metro Station, designated as a valuable architectural landmark, is built into the corner of the building.