Paveletskaya (Zamoskvoretskaya Line)

Nikolai Galkin/TASS
Construction had begun on Paveletskaya before the war. Although it is still one of the finest Metro stations in Moscow, we will never see it in its full grandeur as conceived by the architects. The Vesnin brothers, the former constructivist leaders who had fallen into disgrace, won the architectural tender for Paveletskaya in 1938. Their theme for the station was Donbass. The central decorations of the platform hall with the columns were to be mosaic panels on the vaulted ceiling under the general title Donbass, the Union's Stokehold, for which Aleksandr Deyneka did the sketches. The artist Vladimir Frolov put the panels together on his own in besieged Leningrad. He finished the work, but died of starvation in February 1942. In 1943, the mosaics were evacuated to Moscow on the Road of Life. But as the finished metal structures for the station were stuck in Dnepropetrovsk, then under Nazi occupation, it was decided to alter the initial design. Eight of the 14 mosaics now decorate Novokuznetskaya station. One of the architects hurriedly completing Paveletskaya was Alexey Dushkin. His concealed lighting fixtures, built into the arches, softly illuminating the vaults, are today the key decoration at Paveletskaya.