Church of Saint Martin the Confessor

Nikolay Galkin/ТАSS

There used to be a 16th-century church here, built in honour of the ordainment of Prince Basil III for Princedom. The prince received Orthodox ordainment on the day when Christians remembered and celebrated Pope Martin I, or Saint Martin the Confessor, and so the church was named in his honour. The church was rebuilt in the 18th century in the style of Russian Classicism, to the design of Rodion Kazakov, a name-sake and pupil of Matvey Kazakov, then Moscow's No. 1 architect. The greatest treasure in this church are early 19th-century murals by the Italian artist Antonio Claudio, which had survived a major fire.