Menshikov Tower

Nikolay Galkin/ТАSS

Church of the Archangel Gabriel at Chistye Prudy, otherwise known as Menshikov Tower, was built in 1707 by a group of Russian and Italian architects led by Domenico Tresini, the Swiss architect who designed Saint Petersburg. The church was commissioned by Alexander Menshikov, a close associate of Peter I's, hence its name. The church's fanciful sculptural decorations were destroyed by a lightning strike at the end of the 18th century. Its wooden spire, crowned by a clock and an angel shape weather-vane, burned down. The domes fell down through the ceiling, injuring many people. The tower had to be rebuilt, this time with a dome in place of the spire. This is the oldest Petrine Baroque building in Moscow.