Moscow Cathedral Mosque

Nikolay Galkin/ТАSS

This imposing six-storey Byzantine mosque, Moscow's main Moslem temple, is among the tallest mosques in Europe. This mosque opened with much fanfare in September 2015, on the eve of the Moslem festival of Kurban Bayram, but another mosque had stood on this spot before, built in 1904. Due to its dilapidated condition, it was decided to build a new mosque, and construction began in 2011. Apart from the men's and women's praying rooms, the new mosque houses a Museum of Islam and an art gallery. The mosque holds several precious sacraments: an old handwritten Koran, a mantle from Kaaba (a gift from a Saudi prince), a collection of silver tablets with sacred texts, and a hair from the head of the Prophet Mohammed, which the mosque is never going to put on display, fearing it would never be able to handle the enormous visitor flow.