Mamonov Dacha

Alexander Zelikov / TASS
This grand estate at Vorobyovy Gory had belonged to a number of owners, such as the Governor-General of Moscow Vasily Dolgorukov-Krymsky, the statesman and patron of the arts Nikolay Yusupov, and the nobleman Matvey Dmitriev-Mamonov, in whose honour it was finally called. The lands of the estate had always belonged either to the Tsar's family or to its confidants, and this history is visible in the exteriors of the Mamonov Dacha.

The building's contemporary look dates back to the 1820s, when it was owned by Yusupov. They say that architect Joseph Bové was responsible for the exteriors of estate buildings, but no solid proof of that has been found. The estate's last owner Matvey Dmitriev-Mamonov spent 30 years here under house arrest after he had refused to swear fealty to Nicholas I in 1825.

In Soviet times, the estate had seen a lot of tenants, such as the Central Museum of Ethnography (adjacent park was used for exhibiting yourts and other dwellings of the many nations that made up the USSR), the Institute of Chemical Physics, and the Institute of Physics Problems. The scientists reside here to this day, and the only way to get inside the building is with a tour group. Details are available by phone from the management of the Gorky Park.