Cheryomushki-Znamenskoye

Alexander Zelikov / TASS
Once upon a time this estate was located outside Moscow, and today it is a part of the city district of Cheryomushki. In the first half of the 18th century, the former village of Cheryomushki had belonged to Prince Fyodor Golitsyn. He was an important man at the court of Empress Elizabeth, daughter of Peter the Great. So important was he, in fact, that once, the Empress even visited Golitsyn at Cheryomushki. This was written up in the court books: "[The Empress] wished to go to the village of Cheromoshi, to the major-general Prince Golitsyn, and was kindly disposed to dine there, getting back to the palace after the midnight."

After Golitsyn, the estate was owned by different industrialists who dreamt of building factories here. In the late 18th century, the land was given to the major-general Sergey Menshikov, the grandson of Alexander Menshikov, a close associate of Peter the Great. Under Menshikov, a Neoclassical palace was built at Cheryomushki, and a large park was laid out. Although the estate was beautiful, the owner had little interest in it, and visited the place rarely. There were rarely any guests at the house, which is why the contemporaries left no recollections of this place. In 1880, the house sold to the merchant Vasily Yakunchikov.

In the beginning of the 20th century, the estate underwent a top-to-buttom reconstruction overseen by architect Ivan Zholtovsky, who later became a prominent architect of the Stalin Empire style. Soon after the revolution of 1917, the house was given to the Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, which remains there to this day.