Pokrovskoye-Streshnevo

Alexander Zelikov / TASS
This is one of Moscow's few estates that had managed to remain in the hands of one family for 250 years. The Streshnev family had been close to the court once, and Eudoxia Streshneva was the mother of Tsar Alexey Mikhailovich. The family had lived here happily for a long time. The owners organized menageries, laid out parks, constructed and reconstructed new houses. At the end of the 19th century, the estate's last owner Yevgeniya Shakhovskaya-Glebova-Streshneva undertook a top-to-bottom renovation of the estate. She envisioned it becoming something of a Medieval castle and commissioned architects Alexander Rezanov and Konstantin Tersky to bring her ideas to life. The architects came up with a strange design: huge towers painted to look like bricks were added to the wooden house, and annexes in pseudo-Russian style were built around the main building. The owner had divided the magnificent park, which surrounded the house, into three zones and sold entrance tickets. Those who wanted to swim in the ponds, fish, go mushroom hunting or simply walk through the woods could buy a special ticket, a different one for each zone. In the late 19th century, the area around the estate became a fashionable summer resort.

In Soviet times, the estate housed a sanatorium, and Russian revolutionary Inessa Armand underwent treatment here. Leader of the Russian revolution Vladimir Lenin paid visits to Armand during her stay at Pokrovskoye-Streshnevo. In recent years, the estate has been restored and put on the architectural landmark watch list. There are beavers and beaver-rats in local ponds, and you can take a tour through the historical buildings.