Orlov Museum of Paleontology

Nikolai Galkin/TASS

This is a vast collection of genuine early human bones and skeletons, unearthed by Russian paleontologists on challenging missions. The collection was started by a paleontologist of international renown, Vladimir Amalitsky, who is credited with numerous discoveries. He had found massive quantities of animal fossils on the banks of the Northern Dvina River in the late 19th century. Those animals lived about 300 million years ago. Amalitsky's finds were the beginning of this collection. The museum is located on the grounds of Uzkoye Estate, close to Tyoply Stan Metro station in the outskirts of Moscow. The building, in which the museum is housed, was built for it specially. Thanks to the abundance of room, the curators have been able to put skeletons of mind-boggling sizes on display, such as the skeleton of a tarbosaurus, one of the largest predators that ever lived on the planet, and a 30-metre (98-foot) mould of a diplodocus skeleton. A colourful educational panel many metres across demonstrates the evolutionary processes. The museum offers tours and master classes. When you are through with the museum, you may want to take a walk in the forest/park nearby, where you will find the former estate of Pyotr Trubetskoy. His 1880s Neoclassical mansion is still there, as are the ponds and the beautiful vista lined with larches.