Sovremennik Theatre

Alexander Zelikov/TASS
The former Colosseum movie theatre was designed by architect Roman Klein and appeared on the boulevard in 1914. From the very first days of sketching, the architect knew what the name of the movie theatre would be, which is why he added antique architecture elements to his design. Both before the revolution of 1917, and after the Great Patriotic War, the movie theatre ran all of the most important Russian and foreign films. In the 1920s, the movie theatre's stage was also used for theatrical performances, and the Proletariat Culture theatre was based here between 1924 and 1932.

In 1928, Soviet writer Maxim Gorky attended a ceremony held at the theater to become a member of the Young Pioneers organization. After the war broke out in 1941, it was converted into an army recruitment center, and, at the end of October of 1941, this was where the 18-year-old Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya came to volunteer for the front, and was accepted into the reconnaissance and sabotage group. A month later, she was killed by the Nazis in the village of Petrishchevo, in Moscow Oblast. Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya was the first woman to become the Hero of the Soviet Union (posthumously) during the Great Patriotic War.

The movie theatre closed its doors in 1970. After the reconstruction, in 1974, the building was given over to the Sovremennik (Contemporary) Theater, located here to this day.