Rostopchina Mansion

The building's facade, generously embellished with stucco, is the result of this old mansion's reconstruction, which took place in the 1870s, when its famous owners, the Pavlov family, had already left the building. But what is interesting about this building is not its facade, decorated with garlands and ciphers, but the story of this place in the days of Pushkin. Back then, it was a home to Karolina Jänisch, the daughter of professor Karl Jänisch and one of the best educated women of that age. She was admired by scientist Alexander Humboldt and highly esteemed by the literary critic Vissarion Belinsky, while the poet Adam Mickiewicz, her tutor in Polish, fell in love and wanted to marry her. But Karolina's parents did not agree to this marriage, and in 1836 she was married off to the man of letters Nikolai Pavlov. The Pavlov family held regular literary soirees on Thursdays, and those were attended by every notable writer and poet — Baratynsky, Gogol, Fet, Herzen, Ogarev, Chaadaev… In 1840, poet Mikhail Lermontov departed for his last exile from this place. "He left saddened. The night was damp. We said our goodbyes on the steps," later remembered participants of that meeting.