Melnikov House

Aleksander Zelikov/TASS
One of the leaders of the global architectural avant-garde Konstantin Melnikov had built this house in 1929 for himself. The winner of international architectural exhibitions required a studio, and Moscow authorities had provided him with a land plot and a loan. The architect dreamt of designing spherical commune houses, and this one-apartment building was an important experiment for him. Melnikov invented a special system of bricklaying, which allowed for cost savings on this material, and assured that the rooms had the maximum amount of daylight. This mansion was a commune of sorts as well: the interior space of the building was separated into the sleeping, working, and other zones, used by the whole family. Melnikov lived here for the rest of his life, and later, the building's tenant was his painter son. Today the building houses a branch of the Schusev State Museum of Architecture, and you can call ahead and sign up for the tour.