Andrei Sakharov Memorial Home

Pavel Novikov/

This is the only memorial home of the famous Soviet dissident Andrei Sakharov, who was on the team of the creators of the Soviet Union’s H-bomb. There exist other Sakharov memorial spots, but the status of a “memorial home” belongs solely to this four-room flat on the ground floor of a regular Soviet multi-storey apartment block in the bedroom neighbourhood of Shcherbinki. Sakharov, a Nobel Peace Prize winner, was sent into political exile here after publicly protesting the Soviet Union’s troop deployment to Afghanistan. The museum recreates the exact interior of the flat, in which the Soviet Union’s No. 1 dissident lived with his wife Elena Bonner from 1980 to 1986. The museum display includes documentary material about the exile and some documents from the time when Sakharov worked at the nuclear centre of the high-security town of Sarov (then code-named Arzamas-16) in the region of Nizhny Novgorod.