Open Air Museum

VladimirSmirnov/ TASS

It is a museum street, one of its sections is a pedestrian-only area. This place has to do with Maxim Gorky, the Stroganov family (merchants and industrialists) and Kuzma Minin (the Polish-Russian War hero).

The street begins in the historic place: the Skoba. It was here that Kuzma Minin called on the people to donate for creating the people's volunteer corps in 1611. It was the army that liberated Moscow (and, by extension, Russia) from the Polish interventionists 7 years after. There is the Nativity of St. John the Baptist Temple in the Skoba as well. It was built in the 16th century on the occasion of the birth of Ivan IV Vasilyevich, known in the world history as Ivan the Terrible.

Formerly a neighbourhood of warehouses and flour shops, today it is the home of numerous cafés, bars and restaurants. The citizens call the main Nizhny Novgorod thoroughfare, Ulitsa Bolshaya Pokrovskaya, the Nobility Street. Ulitsa Rozhdestvenskaya is the Merchant Street in their parlance. Alongside the lanes, which form a singular architectural ensemble with it, Ulitsa Rozhdestvenskaya has survived the way it was built 150 years ago, according to the 1839 general plan approved by the Nizhny Novgorod authorities.

Furthermore, Ulitsa Rozhdestvenskaya includes the Spit of Nizhny Novgorod (Strelka), the place of the Oka and Volga Rivers confluence. This street connects the Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin’s exit via the Ivanovsky Gate with the square near the Kanavino Bridge. It is the oldest bridge in Nizhny Novgorod across the Oka River. The Nizhny Novgorod Riverside Station is located in the street next from Ulitsa Rozhdestvenskaya.

Ulitsa Rozhdestvenskaya has a lot to do with Maxim Gorky. Thus, the street has preserved the doss house described by the writer in his play The Lower Depths. The restaurant where a farewell dinner was given to Maxim Gorky before his banishment is still working. The building of the teahouse Stolby (‘The Pillars’) that was established at the writer’s request for the poor has survived.