Just a quarter of a century ago Nizhny Novgorod could not be found on any tourist itinerary maps: between 1959 and 1990 Nizhny was called Gorky and it was Soviet Union’s largest closed city. Named in honour of its most famous resident, early 20th-century Russian writer Maxim Gorky, the city was a symbol of Soviet Union’s military prowess. At the same time Nizhny Novgorod is an old Russian merchant town with timber planking and carved window frames that survived the onslaught of modern architecture.
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Where to stay
Nizhny Novgorod 2018 | Nizhny Novgorod Fair Exhibition ComplexRozhdestvenskaya Ulitsa (Rozhdestvenskaya Street) leads to Kanavinsky Bridge, which will take you over to Strelka District where the Oka and Volga rivers merge togetherRozhdestvenskaya Ulitsa (Rozhdestvenskaya Street) leads to Kanavinsky Bridge, which will take you over to Strelka District where the Oka and Volga rivers merge together
Museums and gallerie
Nizhny Novgorod Fair Exhibition Complex
Mon – Sun 10 a.m. – 7 p.m.
Rozhdestvenskaya Ulitsa (Rozhdestvenskaya Street) leads to Kanavinsky Bridge, which will take you over to Strelka District where the Oka and Volga rivers merge together. At the end of the 19th century this was a city within a city, and home of the largest fair anywhere in the country or the world: the Nizhny Novgorod Fair. It was so important to Russia that Tsar Alexander I delayed reconstruction of the Winter Palace in Saint Petersburg in order to send the money to Nizhny Novgorod. The trade fair was called "the exchange of Europe and Asia." Prices for the principal goods – tea, salt, grain, furs and metals – were set here. Back then, people used to say that "Saint Petersburg is Russia's head, Moscow is its heart and Nizhny [Novgorod] is its pocket." The trade fair was where the first Russian-made automobile and the world's first radio set were presented. The radio's inventor, Alexander Popov, managed the power station at the Nizhny Novgorod Fair.
Today the only reminder of its former architectural glory is the Main Exhibition Hall, which hosts modern-day shows and forums.