The monument to the Russian emperor and the founder of Taganrog Peter the Great was established in 1903 and created by the famous sculptor Mark Antokolsky. It is said that one of the authors of the idea to the reformer Tsar was Anton Chekov. Antokolsky worked on the project for a very long time and very meticulously. He based his work on the sketches of the artist Ivan Kramskoi, which he created from Peter the Great’s death mask, he also worked with an original uniform of a Preobrazhensky regiment officer from the early 18th century. It is interesting that it is the Taganrog monument, which is an author’s work by Antopolsky. Many other famous Peter the Great monuments, which are in the Tretyakov Art Gallery in Moscow, Peterhoff, Saint Peterburg or Arkhangelsk, are all copies of the Taganrog sculpture.