Alexander Nevsky Lavra (Saint Alexander Nevsky Monastery)

Ruslan Shamukov/TASS

Peter the Great who worshipped the deeds of Alexander Nevsky ordered construction of the Saint Alexander Nevsky Monastery at the supposed site of the Grand Prince’s Neva battle with the Swedes. Later it became known that the battle actually took place higher up the Neva stream, near the junction with Izhora River, while the nearby lands were the site of another battle, in which Alexander’s son, Prince Andrei, also defeated the Swedes.

 Nevertheless a huge monastery with a school of theology and divinity, a big garden and an inn for pilgrims was built. At the end of the 18th century, the Church of the Virgin of Consolation of All Sorrows and the Holy Trinity Cathedral were consecrated and the remains of the Russian saint prince were transferred here. In the burial vault of St. Petersburg’s oldest temple-the Church of Annunciation-Peter the Great’s sister Natalia and his little son Peter were put to rest. Pushkin’s grandfather Osip Hannibal, the first Russian Field Marshal Boris Sheremetev and scientist Mikhail Lomonosov were buried on the grounds of the Lazarevskoye Cemetery. Composers Mikhail Glinka and Petr Chaikovsky, writers Nikolai Karamzin and Fedor Dostoyevsky were buried at the Tikhvinskoye Cemetery.