Over the course of the last hundred years, Volgograd has often been a prominent figure on the Russian and global stage. Many events have left their mark on the city in monuments, places and traditions. Over the last century the city has changed its name three times: at the beginning of the twentieth century it was called Tsaritsyn and it was a backwater place on the banks of the Volga River. Then it became Stalingrad - the fortress that played a pivotal role in World War II, and later was renamed Volgograd, having become in the process a sunny and hospitable city whose residents love fishing, football, boat rides and beaches.
There are two more important buildings on the square. The first is occupied by the New Experimental Theatre headed by People’s Artist of Russia Otar Dzhangisherashvili, famous for his non-traditional approach to classical theatre.
The theatre was built in 1915 by merchant Alexander Repnikov and was first known as the House of Science and Arts. The reconstruction completed in 1952 turned this building into one of Volgograd’s first “city palaces”. If you look beyond the sculptured colonnade, you’ll see the restored pre-war facade. Until 1989 the building was home to the Volgograd Gorky Drama Theatre.