Over the course of the last hundred years, Volgograd has often been a prominent figure on the Russian and global stage. Many events have left their mark on the city in monuments, places and traditions. Over the last century the city has changed its name three times: at the beginning of the twentieth century it was called Tsaritsyn and it was a backwater place on the banks of the Volga River. Then it became Stalingrad - the fortress that played a pivotal role in World War II, and later was renamed Volgograd, having become in the process a sunny and hospitable city whose residents love fishing, football, boat rides and beaches.
Volgograd 2018 | The Motherland CallsAt the top is the 85-metre high "The Motherland Calls" sculptureAt the top is the 85-metre high "The Motherland Calls" sculpture
The Motherland Calls
At the top is the 85-metre high "The Motherland Calls" sculpture. The sword that it wields connects the figure with two other monuments: “From the home front to the front” in Magnitogorsk, where a worker passes the sword to a soldier, and “Liberator” in Berlin’s Treptower Park, where a soldier holds the sword pointed towards the ground..
The hollow statue of the Motherland is made with reinforced concrete walls, weighs around 8,000 tons and stands on a pedestal that goes 16 metres (50 ft) underground. The reinforced concrete frame is made up of separate cells connected by wire ropes that are placed inside the sculpture and weigh 60 tons each. Special holes were made in the sword to decrease the wind pressure. Maintenance on the statue is carried out by industrial climbers. The highest view point available to people excluding service personnel (for example, photographers) is the outstretched arm of the statue.