Statue of Peter the Great

At the intersection of Ulitsa Marshala Chuikova (Marshala Chuikova Street) and Ulitsa Volodarskogo (Volodarskogo Street) is a bust of Peter the Great. The first Russian emperor visited Tsaritsyn three times. On June 7, 1695 the 20,000th Army, sent on the first Azov campaign, came to Tsaritsyn under the command of Peter the Great along the Volga on 250 ships. The tsar spent three days here, preparing troops for a walking transfer to the Don. The next time was on June 28, 1722, when Peter was with a caravan of ships that passed through Tsaritsyn on its way to a campaign against Persia. On December 20, 1722 Peter visited Tsaritsyn for the third time while returning from successful military engagements on the Caspian Sea. He spent eight days here while waiting for transportation. The Russian emperor stayed at the commandant's house on Spasskaya Ulitsa (today called Ulitsa Volodarskogo). He continued a lot of work in Tsaritsyn, signing decrees, visiting the Trinity Church, and speaking with local residents. Legend has it that he gave locals his cane and said, "Defend against your enemies with it as I govern my friends with it." In response to questions from people who had relocated from Azov to Tsaritsyn Peter is said to have taken the cap off of his head and given it to a man from Azov with the words, "Just as no one dares remove this cap from my head, no one will dare take you away from Tsaritsyn." The cane and cap are currently kept in the Volgograd Region Natural History Museum.

The Peter the Great Monument is located in a historical place within the Tsaritsyn Fortress. It is here that the emperor stayed at the commandant's house. Nearby is the Trinity Church and not far from here a 60-kilometre (37-mile) long watch guard was built on order from Peter the Great. The monument was created by sculptors Alexandra Yeremenko and Pyotr Ostapenko and architect Valentina Kalinichenko.