August 23 is a particularly tragic date for the residents of the city. It was on this day in 1942 at 4:18 p.m. Moscow Time that Stalingrad incurred massive bombing from Luftwaffe aircraft under orders from Hitler. Within hours, the peaceful, sunny city was transformed into ruins and flames. None of the city's residents had time to leave. Intense bombing lasted an entire week. During this time, more than 12,000 bombs were dropped on Stalingrad. Over 40,000 civilians were killed and more than 50,000 people were injured. More than 80% of homes were destroyed. The Battle of Stalingrad went on for 200 days and nights. The civilian population remained in the city the entire time as crossing the Volga was not possible due to shelling from fascist aircraft. Women, children, and elderly people who survived the bombings stayed in burning buildings on the front line of battle and huddled in dugouts and cellars that had been preserved. During all of this, people did not stop working. Tanks were produced and repaired at the tractor factory and immediately sent into action.
On May 9, 1995, in honour of the 50th anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War, the Monument to Battle of Stalingrad Civilian Casualties, dedicated to the people killed by Hitler's aerial bombing, was unveiled near the intersection of Ulitsa Komsomolskaya (Komsomolskaya Street) and Ulitsa Marshala Chuikova (Marshala Chuikova Street). The top part of the high pedestal is designed as a bomb covering the city and the lower part features the images of women, children, and elderly people with the caption, "To the civilians who died during the Battle of Stalingrad." The monument was created by sculptor Nadezhda Pavlovskaya and architect Valentin Kalinichenko.